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London Summit

Anti-Corruption Summit London 2016

The Anti-Corruption Summit in London on 12th May 2016 brought together a unique coalition of governments, businesses, civil society, law enforcement, sports committees and international organizations, which committed to taking practical steps to tackle corruption and make it a genuine global priority.

During the course of the summit, the government of Afghanistan promised to take practical steps in tackling corruption. The government of Afghanistan made overall 31 specific anti-commitments divided in the following 3 different categories: 1. exposing Corruption, 2. punishing the corrupt and supporting those who have suffered from corruption, 3. driving out the culture of corruption, wherever it exists.

We will track the implementation of the commitments and identify whether or not the commitments are implemented. With the help of this website and public support we will pressurize the government in cases where the commitments are not implemented.

The complete text of all 31 commitments could be accessed here.

last Updated: 05 Aug 2017

Commitments Implementation Status

  • %60 inactive
  • %28 ongoing
  • %12 underway
  • %0 complete
1
Commitments:
Establishing the High Council for Governance, Rule of Law and Anti¬Corruption.
Updates:

The High Council for governance, Rule of Law and Anti-Corruption (HCAC) was decreed on 28/12/1394 that is 21 March 2016, and is established. However, the HCAC has failed to meet every month. It has met 40 percent of what it committed in its decree. In addition, the HCAC has been crippled due to lack of any specialized secretariat staff for itself. It continues to suffer from the above two issues.

1
Commitments:
Establishing the Anticorruption Justice Centre.
Updates:

The Anti-Corruption Justice Center (ACJC) was announced to get established 5 May 2016. It has been a successful model of prosecution of grand corruption. It has held several open trials and convicted three dozens. However, it suffers from political interference from the palace and lack of resources.

1
Commitments:
Deploying public-private information sharing partnerships to bring together governments, law enforcement, regulators and the financial sector to detect, prevent and disrupt money laundering linked to corruption.
Updates:

Financial Transactions and Report Analysis Center of Afghanistan (FinTRACA) is a unit within the Afghanistan Central Bank that is mandated to put a check on money laundering and establish global relations to fight it. FinTRACA has signed MoUs with fifteen countries and most recently with China. In addition, The Central Bank of Afghanistan has recently stated that after five years Afghanistan has finally been removed from the gray list, of countries with questionable banking systems, by the Financial Action Task Force(FATF) However, watch dog organizations warn that Afghanistan has failed to take significant step to curb illicit financial flows.

1
Commitments:
Strengthening asset recovery legislation, including through no conviction-based confiscation powers and the introduction of unexplained wealth orders
Updates:

Strengthening asset recovery legislation, including through no conviction-based confiscation powers and the introduction of unexplained wealth orders.

1
Commitments:
Joining the pilot initiative for automatic exchange of beneficial information.
Updates:

Joining the pilot initiative for automatic exchange of beneficial information.

1
Commitments:
Participating in an Innovation Hub that will facilitate the uptake of new approaches and technologies to tackle corruption
Updates:

Participating in an Innovation Hub that will facilitate the uptake of new approaches and technologies to tackle corruption

1
Commitments:
Establishing accessible central databases of companies with final convictions
Updates:

National Procurement Authority has established a central repository of all those companies who have been debarred in the past but have completed their debarment period, or are currently under debarment sanctions and cannot participate in public procurement, or are under debarment process right now but the final decision is yet to be made. The data about such companies are fully open and it can be accessed through NPA website.

1
Commitments:
Afghanistan’s general directorate of physical education and sport has not been very active overall. They have not so far joined the international sport integrity partnership.
Updates:

Joining the International Sport Integrity Partnership

1
Commitments:
Undertaking IMF Fiscal Transparency Evaluation,
Updates:

Undertaking IMF Fiscal Transparency Evaluation,

1
Commitments:
Signing up to the Common Reporting Standard initiative on taxation.
Updates:

Signing up to the Common Reporting Standard initiative on taxation.

1
Commitments:
Joining the Addis Tax Initiative.
Updates:

Joining the Addis Tax Initiative.

1
Commitments:
Launching a practitioner partnership on institutional integrity, coordinated by the OECD.
Updates:

Launching a practitioner partnership on institutional integrity, coordinated by the OECD.

1
Commitments:
Working with other countries, including Bulgaria, to build on existing capacity building programs between their Ministries of Interior, incorporating a new focus on practitioner exchange and trainings of internal anti-corruption bodies.
Updates:

Working with other countries, including Bulgaria, to build on existing capacity building programs between their Ministries of Interior, incorporating a new focus on practitioner exchange and trainings of internal anti-corruption bodies.

1
Commitments:
To working together to enhance company disclosure(regarding payments to governments for the sale of oil, gas and minerals), complementing on­going work within the EITI, reporting progress via the Open Government Partnership or EITI working groups, exploring the scope for a common global reporting standard, and working together to build a common understanding and strengthen the evidence for transparency in this area.
Updates:

The draft mining law has not been approved and ratified. This has handicapped the ministry to take actions against company that have serious issues.

The government has published mining contracts with different companies in three categories:
1. Small scale contracts
2. Aynak cooper contract and Oil and Gas contracts. But not all contracts have been uploaded.

The ministry has not been able to create a single revenue account from all the ministry. 

1
Commitments:
Supporting voluntary disclosures through EITI reporting and by some major companies regarding payments to governments for the sale of oil, gas and minerals.
Updates:

Supporting voluntary disclosures through EITI reporting ​and by some major companies regarding payments to governments for the sale of oil, gas and minerals.

1
Commitments:
Supporting the establishment of an OECD Anti­-corruption center to strengthen the impact and coherence of the OECD existing anti­-corruption work.
Updates:

Supporting the establishment of an OECD Anti­-corruption center to strengthen the impact and coherence of the OECD existing anti­-corruption work.

1
Commitments:
Working towards phased implementation of the principles of the Open Contracting Data Standard, focusing on major projects as an early priority.
Updates:

The National Procurement Authority of Afghanistan has signed a trilateral agreement with Open Contracting Partnership-OCP and Integrity Watch Afghanistan-IWA to implement OCDS in Afghanistan. With the technical support of OCP, NPA has managed to complete the first draft of field level mapping and systems mapping in accordance with the OCP guidelines. Furthermore, all the data points of the five stages of Open Contracting Data Standards-OCDS have been considered to be captured in Afghanistan’s procurement systems. In addition to the major data points of OCDS, NPA has managed to establish a comprehensive Contract Progress Monitoring System for the fifth stage of OCDS i.e. contract implementation. At this stage all the required information is being published about above threshold projects in NPA’s website, however, preparation of API is in progress and will be gradually become publicly accessible.

Furthermore, the OCP and World Bank-WB’s joint mission visited Afghanistan from 14th July 2017, till 23rd July 2017 to conduct the initial Open Contracting Assessment in Afghanistan. Through this assessment the level of contract openness will be assessed in both the demand and supply sides in the country. The assessment report will be finalized in September 2017 and will provide NPA with specific recommendations for fulfilling Open Contracting Data Standards.

1
Commitments:
Exploring ways of sharing information on corrupt bidders across borders.
Updates:

National Procurement Authority-NPA, initiated the process to pave the way for cross-border debarment. However, since different countries have different legal and regulatory environments which are specific to the context and requirements of those countries, therefore, cross-border debarment has become a near to impossible practice. There were discussions on this with MDBs too, but they also think that it is impossible as there are different legal environments in different countries. Therefore, despite full openness of Afghanistan for cross-border debarment, the feasibility of this practice seems near to zero percent at this moment as it requires a coordinated regional and global action.

1
Commitments:
Supporting the development of a global commitment for public country by country reporting on tax information for large multinational enterprises.
Updates:

Supporting the development of a global commitment for public country by country reporting on tax information for large multinational enterprises.

1
Commitments:
Establishing public central registers of company beneficial ownership information.
Updates:

Two separate but related initiatives are underway to establish the legal framework for registering of beneficial ownership in Afghanistan. Afghanistan EITI started to work on beneficial ownership one year back with an exclusive focus on companies active in the extractive sector. A roadmap has been prepared and some progress has been made.

However, the mining law has not been amended to encompass beneficial ownership registration.

Afghanistan Central Business Registry (ACBR) has come up with a new website that published shareholders of the companies. In addition, ACBR, as well as National Procurement Authority as well as a civil society organization, Integrity Watch Afghanistan, have prepared a proposal for the government on introducing beneficial ownership registration and publication across the sectors. The proposal is depending the High Economic Council’s approval before actual work on development of a legislation begins.

1
Commitments:
Common principles governing the payment of compensation to the countries affected, to ensure that such payments are made safely, fairly and in a transparent manner
Updates:

Common principles governing the payment of compensation to the countries affected, to ensure that such payments are made safely, fairly and in a transparent manner

1
Commitments:
Developing internationally endorsed guidelines for the transparent and accountable management of returned stolen assets.
Updates:

Developing internationally endorsed guidelines for the transparent and accountable management of returned stolen assets.

1
Commitments:
Ensuring that law enforcement agencies have full and effective access to beneficial ownership information for companies and other legal entities registered within their jurisdiction.
Updates:

Ensuring that law enforcement agencies have full and effective access to beneficial ownership information​ for companies and other legal entities registered within their jurisdiction.

1
Commitments:
Taking steps to ensure transparency of the ownership and control of all companies involved in property purchase and public contracting. Supporting the establishment of transparent central registers of foreign companies bidding on public contracts and buying property, and intend to explore options for taking similar action.
Updates:

Taking steps to ensure transparency of the ownership and control of all companies involved in property purchase and public contracting. Supporting the establishment of transparent central registers of foreign companies ​bidding on public contracts and buying property, and intend to explore options for taking similar action.

1
Commitments:
Working with other countries, civil society, international organizations to support accelerated implementation of the voluntary provisions of the UN Convention Against Corruption.
Updates:

Afghanistan joined UNCAC in 2004 and the convention was ratified by the Parliament and signed by the President in 2008. The law is gazette in the Ministry of Justice Website here.

The Afghan government placed a mechanism to implement the UNCAC. However, the convention has been reflected in a few laws in particular the Criminal Law Working Group has specifically referenced the implementation of the UNCAC in the draft anti-corruption law. The draft anti-corruption law has adopted a few major provisions of the UNCAC including independence of the anti-corruption body.

In addition, the Afghan government has established a specialized prosecutorial body for the major corruption cases, another provision of the UNCAC.